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What Is Laser Cutting?

The term "LASER" stands for Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation.

Laser cutting is performed by directing the energy of a high power laser at the material to be cut. The laser beam then melts or burns the material with precision accuracy.

Generation of the laser beam involves stimulating a lasing material by electrical discharges or lamps within a sealed container. The beam created as a result of the stimulation is reflected internally by means of a partial mirror, until it achieves sufficient energy to escape as a stream of focussed light through a lens.

The most common type of industrially used lasing material is Carbon Dioxide, which is stimulated by passing a current through the gas mix or by using radio frequency energy. Carbon Dioxide lasers can cut many materials including mild steel, aluminium, stainless steel, titanium, paper, wax, plastics, wood, and fabrics.

The lasers cutting head his controlled by a CNC system that directs the laser beam according to inputs from a computer program. This system can be integrated with a CAD (Computer Aided Design) software package make detailed cuts.

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